JACQUARD Cédric

Contact details

Associate professor at the University of Reims Champagne-Ardenne

Research unit on Vine and Wine from Champagne, EA 4707, SFR Condorcet FR CNRS 3417

Faculty of Exact and Natural Sciences - BP 1039 – Campus Moulin de la Housse - 51687 Reims Cedex 2, France

Phone: +33(0)3 26 91 34 36

E-mail: cedric.jacquard@univ-reims.fr

Research activities

Main topic: climate change impact on flower development at physiological, molecular and agronomic levels. The activities are focused on abiotic stress (heat or cold temperature) on defense mechanism and carbohydrate metabolism.

Secondary topic: improvement of biological control strategies in the agriculture, including the development of new alternative protection strategies for biological control in plants. The studies are mainly focused on the impact of beneficial bacteria (Burkholderia phytofirmans, Bacillus subtilis), or secreted molecules from these bacteria (as lipopeptids), on defense/protection mechanisms in plants (barley, grape, wheat), in biotic or abiotic stress context.

Research keywords

Biological control, carbon metabolism, cereals, climate change, flower development, grapevine.

Technical skills

in vitro culture, cytology, measurement of various compounds (carbohydrates, enzymes), gene expression by PCR and quantitative real-time RT-PCR, microscopy (optical et electronic).

Teaching activities

Head of professional license Agricultural Resources and Environment, option « Crops and Environment ».

My teachings relate to plant biology, biotechnology and physiology, from L1 to M2. Responsible for 5 teaching modules (professional license and master) Introduction of new teaching moduls in 2 masters.

Supervising of 18 training students (from bachelor to master), co-supervisor of one defended PhD thesis and one ongoing, co-supervising of 2 engineering positions.

Teaching keywords

Plant biology, biotechnology and physiology, plant reproduction physiology.

Coordination of regional, national and international programs

2014-2017

GLUCIFLOR 2 (Principal investigator, co-supervisor of one PhD student)

Title: Grapevine flowering and climate change: effect of beneficial bacteria on carbohydrates efflux and flower development.

Funding: Reims Métropole and Comité Interprofessionnel des Vins de Bordeaux.

2010-2014

PHYTOBIO - INTERREGIVeuropean program (partner, co-supervisor of 2 engineering positions)French-Belgian program coordinated by Lille University

Title: Phytobio: Development and promotion of new biocontrol pesticides against plant diseases.

Funding: FEDER, Région Champagne-Ardenne.

2010-2013

GLUCIFLOR (Partner and co-supervisor of one PhD student)

Title: Cold-effect on carbohydrate metabolism in grapevine and on its development.

Funding: Région Champagne-Ardenne

5 recent important publications

- Sawicki M, Jacquens L, Baillieul F, Clément C, Vaillant-Gaveau N, Jacquard C (2015). Distinct regulation in inflorescence carbohydrate metabolism according to grapevine cultivars during floral development. Physiologia Plantarum. doi: 10.1111/ppl.12321 [IF: 3,26]

-Farace G, Fernandez O, Jacquens L, Coutte F, Krier F, Jacques P, Clément C, Ait Barka E, Jacquard C, Dorey S (2015). Cyclic lipopeptides from Bacillus subtilis activate distinct patterns of defence responses in grapevine. Molecular Plant Pathology 16(2): 177-187. doi:10.1111/mpp.12170 [IF: 4,49]

- Sawicki M, Ait Barka A, Clément C, Vaillant-Gaveau N, Jacquard C (2015). Cross-talk between environmental stresses and plant metabolism during reproductive organ abscission. Journal of Experimental Botany. doi:10.1093/jxb/eru533 [IF: 5,79]

- Soriano M, Li H, Jacquard C, Angenent G, Krochko J, Offringa R, Boutilier K (2015). Plasticity in Cell Division Patterns and Auxin Transport Dependency during in Vitro Embryogenesis in Brassica napus. The Plant Cell 26: 2568-2581. doi: 10.1105/tpc.114.126300 [IF: 9,58]

- Mehmood N, Husson E, Jacquard C, Wewetzer S, Büchs J, SarazinC, Gosselin I (2015). Impact of two ionic liquids, 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium acetate and 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium methylphosphonate, on Saccharomyces cerevisiae: metabolic, physiologic, and morphological investigations. Biotechnology for Biofuels 8:17. doi: 10.1186/s13068-015-0206-2 [IF: 6,22]

5 recent international conferences

- Miotto L, Jacquard C, Clément C, Sanchez L, Ait Barka E (2015). Unravelling the intricate networks underlying the tripartite interaction between grapevine vitis vinifera L., Botrytis cinerea and Burkholderia phytofirmans: antimicrobial effect and/or priming of carbohydrate metabolism and plant defenses? 10th international PGPR Workshop. Liège (Belgique). Communication.

- Su F, Jacquard C, Villaume S, Michel J, Clément C, Ait Barka E, Dhandt-Cordelier S, Vaillant-Gaveau N (2015).Burkholderia phytofirmansstrain PsJN reduces damages to freezing temperature in Arabidopsis thaliana. 10th international PGPR Workshop. Liège (Belgique). Poster.

- Sawicki M, Ait Barka E, Clément C, Gilard F, Tcherkez GG, Baillieul F, Jacquard C, Vaillant-Gaveau N (2015).

Cold-response in grapevine inflorescences: comparison of two cultivars with contrasted resistance to coulure. 19th GiESCO congress. Gruissan (France). Communication.

- Mehmood N, Lenez G, Husson E, Auxnfans T, Jacquard C, Avondo C, Cochet N, Schoefs O, Sarazin C, Goselin I (2014). Lignocellulosic biomass to ethanol: pretreatment with ionic liquids, enzymatic saccharification and microbial fermentation. CABiomass II. Compiègne (France). Communication.

- Sawicki M, Jeanson E, Celiz V, Clément C, Vaillant-Gaveau N, Jacquard C (2012). Impact of Cold Night on Photosynthetic Process and Carbohydrate Metabolism in Grapevine Inflorescence (Vitis vinifera L.). Plant Abiotic Stress Tolerance II. Vienne (Autriche). Poster.